Corruption in Rural Java During The Colonial Government in The Netherlands India

Wahyono, Effendi (2017) Corruption in Rural Java During The Colonial Government in The Netherlands India. In: THE 5th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON EDUCATION & SOCIAL SCIENCES (ICESS) ”The Asia Network: Bringing Time, Space and Social Life Together", 26-27 July 2017, Faculty Of Social Sciences Universitas Negeri Semarang in collaboration with The Asia Pacific International Research Forum (APIRF), Semarang.

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Theoritically, the colonial government adheres to the principle of indirect rule. In this principle, the colonial bureaucracy was only at the district level. The Regent was the supreme authority in the indigenous administration. In every district, colonial government placed a resident assistant as regent partner. As the supreme authority in the indigenous community, the regents had a structured apparatus underneath which includes the district (kawedanan) and under district (kecamatan). The village (desa) was an autonomous institution that did not have a hierarchy of the institutions on it (kecamatan). This article aims to identify the corrupt behaviour in rural java during the colonial period. Data were collected using the main source of history like archive and newspaper. The findings indicated that many colonial government interventions in the village administration. The village headman was chosen by the villagers. Elected village headman appointed by the resident, not by regents. The colonial government did many interventions in every village election, mainly in order to win the village headmans who were loyal to the government. Since the period of Rafles, the village headman had the task of collecting taxes. In return, the village headman got 8% of the number of successful tax levied. In addition, the village headmans also earned income from appanages. For existing urban village, the village headman did not get appanages, but its revenue came from the salaries paid by the government. From the search of a newspaper published in the colonial period, many reported abuses or irregularities in the management of tax money. Many of village headmans failed to report honestly about the results of the tax collected. Much tax money was corrupted by the village headmans. Consequently, many of the village headman went to prison as a result of corrupt behavior.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information (ID): PROCEEDING: The 5th International Conference on Education & Social Sciences (ICESS) ISBN: 978-602-14696-7-5
Uncontrolled Keywords: corruption, rural java, collonial government, Netherlands India
Subjects: 300 Social Science > 320-329 Political and Government Science (Ilmu Politik dan Pemerintahan) > 325.3 Colonization (Kolonialisasi, Kolonialisme)
300 Social Science > 360-369 Social Problems and Services (Permasalahan dan Kesejahteraan Sosial) > 364.1323 Corruption (Korupsi)
Divisions: Koleksi Digital > Artikel
Depositing User: rudi sd
Date Deposited: 21 Nov 2017 03:31
Last Modified: 21 Nov 2017 03:31

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